"Historic Ties - Social Justice - Human Rights - Peace - International Friendship & Solidarity"

PMOH-SUHIS -CCCP- USSR - International Bureau St. Petersburg - Russia

PMOH-SUHIS CCCP-USSR Soviet Union Historical Society - HDQ Moscow - Russian Bureau Moscow for CIS - FSU Affairs
International Bureau St. Petersburg - Regional Bureaus / Representations Abroad : Berlin - Jerusalem

“I indeed said that I believe that the collapse of the USSR was a huge tragedy of the 20th century. You know why? Because, first of all, in an instant 25 million Russian people found themselves beyond the borders of the Russian state, although they were living within the borders of the Soviet Union. Then, all of a sudden, the USSR collapsed—just overnight, in fact. And it’s turned out that in the former Soviet Republics—25 million Russian people were living. They were living in a single country. And all of a sudden, they turned out to be outside the borders of the country. You see this is a huge problem... Do you think it’s normal that 25 million Russian people were abroad all of a sudden? Russia was the biggest divided nation in the world. It’s not a problem? Well, maybe not for you. But it’s a problem for me.”

President Vladimir Putin in an interview with CBS News - 10/2015

Soviet Union - Bulgaria - Czechoslovakia - German Democratic Republic - Hungary -Poland - Romania Albania (until 1968)

Союз мира и социализма - "Union of peace and socialism"

The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance (The Warsaw Pact) - 14 May 1955 -1 July 1991

A collective defense treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the "Cold War", led by the USSR.

The Warsaw Pact was the military complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the regional economic organization for the communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. The Warsaw Pact was in part a Soviet military reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO in 1955 per the Paris Pacts of 1954 and meant to maintain peace in Europe, guided by the objective points and principles of the Charter of the United Nations (1945).

The 15 socialist republics of the Soviet Union:

Russian SFSR - Armenian SSR - Azerbaijan SSR - Byelorussian SSR - Estonian SSR - Georgian SSR - Kazakh SSR - Kirghiz SSR - Latvian SSR - Lithuanian SSR - Moldavian SSR - Tadzhik SSR - Turkmen SSR - Ukrainian SSR - Uzbek SSR

The 3 Baltic states did no join the CIS, Georgia left in 2009, and the status of Ukraine needs to be yet determined, presently 10 full member-states form the CIS ( May 2014) :
Russian Federation - Armenia - Azerbaijan - Belarus - Kazakhstan - Kyrgyzstan - Moldova - Tajikistan - Turkmenistan - Uzbekistan

The collapse of the Soviet Union - Mikhail Gorbachev - Glasnost and Perestroika
Millions of Russians in the former Soviet Republics of Georgia,Estonia,Latvia,Lithuania,Ukraine,Moldova etc remain defenseless & abused to their fate !

Total Population in the 15 member states/republics of the FSU:
278.8 Million - 52.6 % (146.7 Million) live in the Russian Federation
25 Million Russian Compatriots live in neighboring CIS / FSU countries, the majority in the Ukraine

followed by Kazakhstan - Belarus - Baltic States - Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Georgia, Armenia

A total of approx 6 million Russian Compatriots are residing worldwide, with the majority of 3 million in the USA & Canada, 1 million in Israel and another 2 million throughout Europe, Asia and Latin America.

Historical and Present Background:

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (KPSU)

(Russian: Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза, КПСС), abbreviated in English as CPSU, was the founding and ruling political party of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The CPSU was the sole governing party of the Soviet Union until 1990 when the Supreme Soviet annulled the law which granted the CPSU a monopoly over the political system. The party was founded in 1912 by the Bolsheviks (the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party), a revolutionary group led by Vladimir Lenin which seized power in the aftermath of the October Revolution of 1917. The party was dissolved on 29 August 1991 soon after a failed coup d'état.

The CPSU was organized on the basis of democratic centralism, a principle conceived by Lenin that entails democratic and open discussion of policy issues and the requirement of unity in upholding agreed policies. The highest body within the CPSU was the party Congress, which convened every five years. When the Congress was not in session, the Central Committee was the highest body. Because the Central Committee met twice a year, most day-to-day duties and responsibilities were vested in the Politburo, the Secretariat, and the Orgburo (until 1952). The party leader was the head of government and held the office of either General Secretary, Premier or head of state, or some of the three offices concurrently—but never all three at the same time. The party leader was the de facto chairman of the CPSU Politburo and the chief executive of the USSR.

The CPSU, according to its party statute, adhered to Marxism–Leninism, an ideology based on the writings of Vladimir Lenin and Karl Marx, and formalized under Joseph Stalin. The party pursued state socialism, under which all industries were nationalized and a planned economy was implemented. Before central planning was adopted in 1929, Lenin had introduced a mixed economy, commonly referred to as the New Economic Policy, in the 1920s. After Mikhail Gorbachev took power in 1985, rapid steps were taken to transform the economic system in the direction of a market economy. Gorbachev and some of his allies envisioned the introduction of an economy similar to Lenin's New Economic Policy through a program of perestroika, or restructuring, but the results of their reforms contributed to the fall of the entire system of government.

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF)

(Russian: Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации; КПРФ; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, KPRF).
The party is often viewed as the immediate successor of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was banned in 1991 by then-President Boris Yeltsin. It is the second largest political party in the Russian Federation, after United Russia. The youth organisation of the party is the Leninist Young Communist League. The party is administered by the Central Committee.

The CPRF was founded at the Second Extraordinary Congress of Russian Communists on 14 February 1993, as the successor organisation of the Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. As of 1 January 2012, the party has 81 regional divisions and 156,528 members. The areas where the party has a high concentration of supporters are called "the Red Belt".

The party's stated goal is to establish a new, modernised form of socialism in Russia. Immediate goals of the party include the nationalisation of natural resources, agriculture, and large industries within the framework of a mixed economy that allows for the growth of small and medium enterprises in the private sector.

Organisational structure:
First Secretary : Gennady Zyuganov - Deputy Secretary Ivan Melnikov
Slogan : "Russia! Labour! People’s Power! Socialism!"
Founded February 14, 1993;Preceded by the Communist Party of the RSFSR
Headquarters : Moscow, Russia - Newspaper Pravda, more than 30 regional editions
Youth wing Leninist Young Communist League - Komsomol - Party Membership (2012) 156,528
Ideology: Communism - Left-wing nationalism - Marxism–Leninism - Political position Left-wing

International affiliation : International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Continental affiliation Union of Communist Parties – Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Colours : Red
Seats in the State Duma : 92 / 450 - Seats in the Regional Parliaments : 460 / 3,980

"A Just Russia" - Справедливая Россия, СР, Spravedlivaya Rossiya, SR

also translated as Fair Russia,or A Fair and Just Russia, a social democratic political party in Russia currently holding 64 of the 450 seats in the State Duma.


It was formed on October 28, 2006, as a merger of the far-right Rodina, the Russian Party of Life and the Russian Pensioners' Party. Later, 6 further minor parties joined. A Just Russia's platform is based on the principles of fairness, freedom and solidarity. It calls for a "New Socialism of the 21st Century", which guarantees the rights and freedoms of the individual and ensures the proper functioning of a welfare state.
In 2011, Nikolai Levichev was elected as party chairman, succeeding Sergey Mironov who led the party in 2006–2011. On 27 October 2013 Mironov again was elected as party chairman.

On June 30, 2008 A JUST RUSSIA became a member of the Socialist International (SI) after receiving an observer status at the 23rd Congress of the Socialist International in Athens (Greece). The decision to grant a consultative status to the Party was taken at the meeting of the Council of the Socialist International convened in Paris in November 2010.

On August 30, the 24th Congress of the Socialist International that met in Cape Town, South Africa (RSA) upgraded the status of A JUST RUSSIA party to a full member of this international organization. The Party delegation that took part in the Congress was headed by Sergei Mironov, the leader of A JUST RUSSIA.
Cooperation of the Party with the Socialist International bringing together over 150 social democratic, socialist and labour parties and organizations from more than 130 countries provides opportunities to discuss the processes taking place not only in Russia but around the world and affect (in some way) the formulation of the agenda of the above-mentioned international organization.
The representatives of our Party take an active part in the SI commissions and committees. Mr. Mironov, Chairman of Party A JUST RUSSIA, a State Duma deputy from the faction "A JUST RUSSIA" has been a member of the SI Commission on Sustainable World Society since June 2007, Mr. Aksakov has been on the SI Commission on Global Financial Issues since November 2008, and Mr. Burkov, a State Duma deputy from the faction "A JUST RUSSIA" was elected co-chairperson of the SI Committee on Local Governments.
Another important line of international activities of the Party is its cooperation with the Party of European Socialists (PES) and its Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament. In April 2008 in Brussels, Mr. Levichev, the Head of the State Duma faction "A JUST RUSSIA" signed the Memorandum of Understanding with Martin Schulz, President of the Group of Socialist and Democrats in the European Parliament This document provided the basis for a wide-range cooperation: exchange of official delegations, participation in international conferences, forums, and other official events.
Special attention is paid to development of the party-to-party ties in area of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). In February 2010, there was held a Forum of the socialist and social-democratic parties of the CIS countries, with participation of the representatives of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Ukraine and Russia.

Party A JUST RUSSIA contributes to development and enhancement of cooperation of Russia with the European Union and the USA. In July 2010, a tripartite working group was set which included representatives of the faction "A JUST RUSSIA", the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament and the Democratic Party of the USA.
The leaders of A JUST RUSSIA twice headed the party’s official delegations (Levichev N.V., Chairman of the Party – in Rome, on December 15, 2012 and Mironov S.M., the Leader of the Party’s State Duma faction – in Leipzig (Germany), on May 22, 2013) that took part (upon invitation of its foreign partners) in the international conferences of the Progressive Alliance which is a new international network whose membership may be obtained by the socialist, social-democratic, labor and democratic parties. The main target of the Progressive Alliance movement is searching for solutions to the most serious problems which the world community has been facing in the XXI century. The decision to establish the movement of the Progressive Alliance was taken at the conference in Leipzig on May 22, 2013 with participation of over 40 parties (both in power and in opposition) from Europe, America and Asia; actually from all the G-20 countries, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the Socialist Party of France, the Indian National Congress, the Workers Party of Brazil etc.
The Department of International Cooperation of the Party’s Communications Department (the former name – the International Department) cooperates with the Chamber of Deputies of A JUST RUSSIA and the Fair World Institute in carrying out international activities, including the ones with participation of the Friedrich Ebert and Rosa Luxemburg foundations and the Swedish Center of Olof Palme.
Party A JUST RUSSIA held three international socialist Forums from 2007 to 2012 devoted to the issues of social policy, sustainable development and the global economic crisis as well as a number of international conferences, symposiums, seminars and round tables devoted to other urgent problems. Over 150 Russian and foreign scientists, experts and politicians sharing the social and democratic ideas took part in those activities. A steady dialogue has been established with the Communist Party of China about the issues of support provision to small and middle business, economic and political modernization and development of regional cooperation. Brochure The practical experience of foreign socialist and democratic parties during the election campaigns was prepared on the basis of analysis of experience of the election campaigns held by foreign partners of party A JUST RUSSIA.
A JUST RUSSIA has been steadily strengthening and developing its contacts with foreign left-centered political parties and non-profit organizations (NPO). (the parties in the CIS countries are shown on the Moscow HDQ site)

The Party of European Socialists (PES) and its Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (PASD)
The Socialist Democratic Party Harmony (Latvia)
The Socialist Democratic Party of Lithuania
The United Left Party of Estonia
The Serbian Radical Party
The Socialist Party of Serbia
The Bulgarian Socialist Party
The Party Bulgarian Social Democrats
The Polish Democratic Left Alliance
The Socialist Democratic Party of Romania
The Czech Social Democratic Party
The Democratic Party of Italy
The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party
The Socialist Democratic Party of Germany
The Left Party (Germany)
The Socialist Democratic Party of Finland
The Socialist Democratic Party of Sweden
The Socialist Party of France
The Norwegian Labour Party
The Communist Party of Vietnam
The Communist Party of China
The Workers Party of Korea – DPRK (North Korea)
The International Conference of the Asian Political Parties (ICAPP)
The Indian National Congress
The Democratic Party of Kurdistan, Iraq (DPK)
The Institutional Revolutionary Party of Mexico
The Communist Party of Cuba
The Workers Party of Brazil

NCO (Non-Profit Organizations)

The Institute of Social and Economic Development of Eurasia (China)
China Center for Contemporary World Studies
The International Center of Olof Palme (Sweden)
The Friedrich Ebert Foundation (Germany)
Heinrich Böll Foundation (Germany)
The Rosa Luxemburg Foundation (Germany)
Hanns Seidel Foundation (Germany)
The Center for Russia and CIS affairs in German Council on Foreign Relations (Germany)
Jean-Jaurès Foundation (France)
Alfred Mozer Foundation (Netherlands)
Kalevi Sorsa Foundation (Finland)
Foundation for European Progressive Studies (European Union)
European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity (European Union).

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SUHIS CCCP - USSR is neither a member nor an affilate of any party, communist, socialist or otherwise, nor adopts their programs.
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